Friday, February 10, 2012

Red Flags To Avoid When Talking About Competitors

One of the most important questions you will be asked by potential investors is how your solutions beats the competition, not just today, but over the three to five year life of their investment. There is no perfect answer to this question, but there are many wrong answers which will immediately jeopardize your credibility.

The concept is called “sustainable competitive advantage.” A good answer might be “We have several patents on the base technology, which is so robust that we expect to roll out new products every year for the next ten years, always staying a step ahead of our competitors.” That implies competitive now, a strong barrier to entry, and the potential to stay in the lead.

We all recognize that there are no guarantees. So the best responses always require a combination of street smarts, confidence, humility, and honesty. Investors are often just checking to see how you tackle hard questions. Here is a collection of common red flags to avoid:

  • “We don’t have any competitors.” As everyone should know by now, this is the worst possible answer, since it implies that there is no market for your product, or you haven’t bothered to look for competition. Remember that cars compete with trains, so alternative solutions, or doing nothing, are real competition.

  • “We have the first mover advantage.” First-to-market is meaningful for a large company, like IBM or GE, which has the resources to sustain their move, but is not relevant for a startup, when surrounded by “big gorillas.” If they see you getting traction, the giants will awake quickly and step on you. This advantage is not sustainable.
  • “Our product is truly disruptive technology.” This is a variation on the first mover argument, implying a paradigm shift that gives you a tremendous lead. Investors will suspect you have a technology looking for a solution. Disruptive technologies typically take years to catch on, which is longer than they can afford to wait.
  • “Only our team can make this work.” This statement comes across as arrogance, no matter how much experience and technical degrees your team has. No one in this world has a monopoly on knowledge and implementation skills. Investors will conclude that this is probably an impossible and unrealistic team to work with.
  • “We plan to offer it for free, and live off advertising revenue.” Undercutting competitors in price is always a good strategy, but free implies no real value. Free is a good short-term Internet strategy, if you have $50 million to spend on viral marketing to get your page-views up to the million per month needed for significant advertising revenue.

  • “Our patent will protect us.” Patents are worthwhile, so this answer is far better than the first five. Yet every investor knows that a mere startup will not be able to afford a patent battle in court, and most patents can be circumvented if the opportunity is large enough.

In the end, after stating your best arguments, it’s probably smart to concede that there are no silver bullets, but emphasize that you have the experience and knowledge to put up a never-ending fight. This tells investors that you are realistic, despite your conviction and confidence in your product. Investors like realists, but not wimps.

A sustainable competitive advantage is not a destination, but a journey. Whether you are looking for an investor or not, every good entrepreneur better plan for this journey before he finds his backside exposed.

Marty Zwilling




  1. I developed a business arbitrage to actually make anything an individual or business buys, no cost.

    Found that the 'too good to be true' applies. That is why I have to offer a smaller savings and ask for somthing in return.


  2. Nice article and it completely makes sense. Competition is a journey.

    Mimoun Bouazani

  3. This is a great article! We have a ton of national competitors, all offering the same service (business incorporation) at around the same price, so we get this question a lot. When asked why anyone should choose us over them, we always have the same answer: because we're a smaller company, you're not just a number with us, and you get real, personal attention. And from some of the reaching out to competitors via live chat that we've done in the past, we also have literate, intelligent, resourceful customer service -- something some of our national competitors definitely do not have.

    Thanks for the words of warning on how NOT to handle this question!

    1. Sarah, your answer is sound, I agree this article is good and very useful. Your answer touches on the real reason any one stays competitive. It is not price, but always the human to human customer care that communicates Care, instead of customer "service" which communicates "I am just doing my job."

      Wes Zimmerman

  4. One thing I always tell sales reps and affiliates... never say that "we're the only one" or "Competitor X doesn't do that"... if you're wrong or the competitor changes (or lies), your the liar...

    if a comparison is requested, frame it as a We do this... because (reason why it should be required), we guarantee that it's included... make sure that competitor x guarantees (in writing) that it's included (in the same pricing model) and will be fully supported with their standard product... the "in writing" normally will cause the other vendor rep to start squirming and create FUD